All academic work begins with extensive research work to find existing research results, suitable literature and relevant sources or research data. But how and where should one begin with this search? Who can help when you don't know where to look next? How can huge amounts of literature be "managed" such that one is able to find the relevant passages again at a later date? And how does one draw up a proper bibliography?
The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Bavarian state library) also offers workshops on literature searching and reference management.
The reference management platform provides a compilation of software reviews.
Munich City Library offers an overview of all libraries in Munich.
The Munich archives keep a blog with information on Munich archives as well as upcoming events.
Archivportal-D offers an overview of all archives in Germany.
Once a year, the GraduateCenterLMU organizes a workshop for doctoral candidates on the subject of "Quellenrecherche im Archiv", including an excursion to the Bavarian state archives.
The guide Auffinden – Zitieren – Dokumentieren (Finding – Quoting – Documenting) contains information on handling quantitative research data in social sciences and economics.
When writing a piece of academic work, various competencies and skills are required. Besides academic writing – sometimes in a foreign language – these include using the correct forms for quotes, handling copyright and image rights correctly, formatting long texts, creating and incorporating diagrams and illustrations, and much more.
At the LMU University Library, you will find information on composing a piece of academic writing, including notes on further reading and on copyrights.
The GraduateCenterLMU regularly organizes workshops for doctoral candidates on the subject of "Academic Writing", "Akademisches Schreiben", "Projekt Promotion", "Schreibroutinen entwickeln" and "Urheberrecht und Bildrechte".
The LMU writing center in Faculty 13 has details for all writing support services and offers help in founding writing groups.
The LMU International Office offers courses for international doctoral candidates on the subject of "German as a foreign academic language".
Workshops which cover the IT skills required when writing a dissertation (not only word processing, but also spreadsheets, processing images, statistics, databases, etc.) are offered by:
- LMU IT division (for LMU employees only): IT courses
- Leibniz Supercomputing Centre (LRZ): IT courses
- LMU statistical consulting laboratory (StaBLab): Advisory services and courses
- LMU Humanities IT group (ITG): Courses
- Munich Digital Humanities work group (dhmuc.): Munich Digital Humanities Summer School
Once your dissertation had been accepted and you have passed the oral examination, your final challenge on the road to obtaining a doctorate lies in dealing with the necessary work for publishing your dissertation. Depending on the doctoral degree regulations in question, various degrees of publication are possible – on paper, in digital form or as a hybrid. However, you should carefully weight up the advantages and disadvantages before making your choice. Does the acceptance of the publication depend upon it being printed in book form by a renowned publishing house? Or is it more important for the book to be readily available anywhere in the world, at any time? Is there any way the two publication routes (printed and digital) can be combined? How much do each of the options cost?
Should you wish to publish intermediate results during the course of your doctorate project, please check first in the respective doctoral degree regulations and talk to your supervisor or the examination board in charge to see whether and/or to what extent this is permitted.
See open-access.net for more information on the subject of open access.
LMU unit I.6 provides information on copyright and final dissertations.
The GraduateCenterLMU organizes workshops for doctoral candidates on the topics of "Publishing", "Wissenschaftsnetworking 2.0: Blog, Twitter & Co" and "Urheberrecht und Bildrechte". In addition, the GraduateCenterLMU has organized two events to date on the subject of publishing, in cooperation with the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek and the LMU University Library.
The Munich Digital Humanities work group (dhmuc.) provides information and organizes events on the subject of Digital Humanities.
Good Scientific Practice
When planning and executing a doctoral project or publishing results, a wide range of questions may arise relating to good scientific practice and to ethical or legal issues.
LMU Munich provides a PDF with rules governing good scientific practice (Richtlinien zur Selbstkontrolle in der Wissenschaft).
The LMU data protection officers can supply you with information on data protection regulations and institutions.
Some LMU faculties have established ethics committees:
- Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences: Ethikkommission der Fakultät für Psychologie und Pädagogik
- Faculty of Medicine: Ethikkommission bei der LMU München
- Faculty of Social Sciences: Ethikkommission der Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät
- Faculty of Economics: Faculty of Economics ethics committee
Other academic institutions have also published papers on the subject. These include:
- ALL European Academies (ALLEA): The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (PDF)
- Allgemeiner Fakultätentag (AFT), Fakultätentage and Deutscher Hochschulverband (DHV): Gute wissenschaftliche Praxis für das Verfassen wissenschaftlicher Qualifikationsarbeiten (PDF)
- German Rectors' Conference (HRK): Good scientific practice at German higher education institutions (PDF)
- Wissenschaftsrat (WR) (German Council of Science and Humanities): Recommendations on Academic Integrity (PDF)